The Army of the West was the U.S. military unit that occupied New Mexico during the U.S.-Mexico War. Brigadier General Stephen Watts Kearny headed the Army of the West’s 1,700 men. Following the successful occupation of Santa Fe, Kearny divided his forces and continued with 200 men toward California with Christopher “Kit” Carson as guide. Colonel Sterling Price remained in command of occupied New Mexico, and Colonel Alexander Doniphan led another contingent of men southward to engage Mexican forces in Chihuahua.
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