Alternatively called the Chimayó Rebellion, the Revolt of 1837, or the guerra de los chimayosos, the 1837 conflict was an outgrowth of the Centralist-Federalst political divides that precipitated Texans to declare independence from Mexico. In New Mexico, grievances were much more localized. Genízaro residents of the Rio Arriba region deeply resented the effort by the Government in Mexico City to impose governors and new taxes on them from afar. In early 1838 Manuel Armijo led the counter revolt that violently quashed the short-lived rebellion. Still, the grievances of northern New Mexicans remained and resurfaced again in the Taos Revolt of 1847.
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