Diego de Archuleta was a politician and military officer during the Mexican period in New Mexico history. During the U.S.-Mexico War, he served as Governor Armijo’s second-in-command and he favored armed resistance to the American occupation. His opposition to the U.S. presence in New Mexico nearly derailed the secret negotiations between James Magoffin and Governor Armijo. Following the war, Abraham Lincoln appointed him to the position of Indian agent in the territory. During the U.S. Civil War he served the Union Army and he became the first Hispano to gain the title of Brigadier General.
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