Dwight D. Eisenhower

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During World War II, Eisenhower led D-Day, the massive invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. After the war, he ran for president and served two terms, during which time he managed Cold War tensions with the Soviet Union, ended the Korean War, created an Interstate Highway System, and strengthened social security. As president, Eisenhower was popular but lost support after failing to protect the civil rights of African Americans. He did not mandate for desegregation of schools after Brown v. Board of Education.