Enrico Fermi

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Italian physicist who worked on the first nuclear reactor (Chicago Pile-1) and contributed to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics. Fermi is also one of the men considered as the “father of the atomic bomb.” He excelled in both theoretical and experimental physics. In 1938, Fermi was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics for his work as well as for the discovery of transuranic elements.