A leading member of one of the most politically and economically powerful nuevomexicano families, Baca served as probate judge in San Miguel County during the time frame in which Las Gorras Blancas were most active. He denounced their movement and supported the forces of modernization. In 1892 he launched a new newspaper, El Sol de Mayo, to counter the pro-Gorras viewpoints presented in La Voz del Pueblo. During the later debates over whether or not to preserve the use of the Spanish Language in New Mexico’s schools, he proved to be a powerful advocate for the principle of bilingualism.
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