The Mexican Revolution was a 10-year-long armed conflict that began as a movement to oust the aging dictator, Porfirio Díaz, in 1910. Political turmoil following his resignation and continued infighting among various revolutionary factions ushered in a period of brutal civil war. Violence along the border created an atmosphere of fear and conflict in southern New Mexico, even prior to Pancho Villa’s March 1916 raid on the tiny town of Columbus. A new, progressive national constitution, the Constitution of 1917, is among the Revolution’s most lasting legacies.
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