Appendix C: Important Characteristics of Effective Leaders

  • Relationship-oriented leaders – motivated primarily by close personal relationships with others
  • Task-oriented leaders – motivated primarily by getting the job done
    (Ayman, Chemers, & Fiedler, 1995)

    Please note that most effective leaders excel at both relationships and getting tasks completed.

    Ayman, R., Chemers, M. M., & Fiedler, F. (1995). The contingency model of leadership effectiveness: Its level of analysis. Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 147–167.

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