Chapter 1

Crown, P. L., & Hurst, W. J. (2009, February 17). Evidence of cacao use in the Prehispanic American Southwest. Retrieved from

Echo-Hawk, Roger (Spring 2000). “Ancient History in the New World: Integrating Oral Traditions and the Archaeological Record in Deep Time”. American Antiquity. 65 (2): 267–290. 

Fadhil, M. (2015, February 26). Isis destroys thousands of books and manuscripts in Mosul libraries. Retrieved from

Huckell, Bruce B. (1982)  The Denver Elephant Project: A Report on Experimentation with Thrusting Spears. Plains Anthropologist 27(97): 217-224.

Newcomb, Alyssa. “Brazilian Museum Destroyed by Fire Lives on through Google.”, NBCUniversal News Group, 19 Dec. 2018,

Rathje, W. L., & Murphy, C. (2003). Rubbish!: The archaeology of garbage. Tucson, AZ: Univ. of Arizona Press.

Rybczynski, W. (1992, July 05). We Are What We Throw Away. Retrieved from

Sagan, C. (1980). Cosmos. New York: Random House.

Wright, R., & Wright, R. (2017, June 19). Mosul’s Library Without Books. Retrieved from

Yong, Ed. What Was Lost in Brazil’s Devastating Museum Fire. 5 Sept. 2018,

Zielinski, D. (2017). Transcript of “How we can store digital data in DNA”. Retrieved from


Chapter 2 

Hood, B. (2014, November 03). Think You don’t Believe in the Supernatural? Think Again | WIRED 2014 | WIRED. Retrieved from

Elson, M & Ort, Michael & Sheppard, Paul & Samples, T & Anderson, Kirk & May, E.M.. (2011). A.D. 1064 NO MORE? RE-DATING THE ERUPTION OF SUNSET CRATER VOLCANO, NORTHERN ARIZONA.

Flenley, J. R., & Bahn, P. G. (2003). The enigmas of Easter Island: Island on the edge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kurota, A. The TVI Cemetery Site: Archeological Monitoring for Jeanette Stromberg Hall Trench, CNM Main Campus, Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Office of Contract Archaeology, UNM.

National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. (2017, February 01). Retrieved from

Sanchez, J. (2017, March 28). How the Parthenon Lost Its Marbles. Retrieved from

Thorpe, Richard & Williams-Thorpe, Olwen & Graham Jenkins, D & S. Watson, J & A. Ixer, R & G. Thomas, R. (2014). The Geological Sources and Transport of the Bluestones of Stonehenge, Wiltshire, UK. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 57. 103-157. 10.1017/S0079497X00004527.


Chapter 3

Ball, P. (2013, April 19). Future – Will we ever… understand why music makes us feel good? Retrieved from

Calloway, E. (2016, October 19). Monkey ‘tools’ raise questions over human archaeological record . Retrieved from

Conard, N. J. (2009, May 14). A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany. Retrieved from

Gibbons, Ann (2018, October 18). World’s oldest Homo sapiens fossils found in Morocco. Retrieved from

Henshilwood, Christopher S., et al. (2002) Emergence of Modern Human Behavior: Middle Stone Age Engravings from South Africa. Science, 295, 1278–1280.

Henshilwood, C. S., D’Errico, F., Niekerk, K. L., Coquinot, Y., Zenobia Jacobs, S. L., Menu, M., & García-Moreno, R. (2011, October 14). A 100,000-Year-Old Ochre-Processing Workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Retrieved from

Hoffmann, D. L., Standish, C. D., García-Diez, M., Pettitt, P. B., Milton, J. A., Zilhão, J., . . . Pike, A. W. (2018, February 23). U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art. Retrieved from

Hublin, J., Ben-Ncer, A., Bailey, S. E., Freidline, S. E., Neubauer, S., Skinner, M. M., . . . Gunz, P. (2017, June 07). New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens. Retrieved from

Mercader, J., Barton, H., Gillespie, J., Harris, J., Kuhn, S., Tyler, R., & Boesch, C. (2007, February 27). 4,300-Year-old chimpanzee sites and the origins of percussive stone technology. Retrieved from

Marris, E. (2018, February 22). Neanderthal artists made oldest-known cave paintings. Retrieved from

Sharpe, K. and L. Van Gelder (November 2015) Evidence for Cave Marking by Palaeolithic Children Antiquity 80(310):937-947

Surugue, L. (2018, March 05). Why This Paleolithic Burial Site is So Strange (and so Important). Retrieved from

Thurman, J. (2017, June 19). Great Figures of the Paleolithic. Retrieved from

Trinkaus, E., & Buzhilova, A. (2018). Diversity and differential disposal of the dead at Sunghir. Antiquity, 92(361), 7-21. doi:10.15184/aqy.2017.223

Wong, K. (2017, January 01). Monkeys Make Stone “Tools” That Bear a Striking Resemblance to Early Human Artifacts. Retrieved from


Chapter 4

Becerra-Valdivia, L., Waters, M. R., Stafford, T. W., Anzick, S. L., Comeskey, D., Devièse, T., & Higham, T. (2018, July 03). Reassessing the chronology of the archaeological site of Anzick. Retrieved from

Brett. (2014, June 28). Remains of ancient child ceremoniously reburied. Retrieved from

Garner, R. (2015, August 25). Glacial Rebound: The Not So Solid Earth. Retrieved from

Kilby, D. and B. Huckell (December 2013) Clovis Caches: Current perspectives and future directions. Paleoamerican Odyssey. Edited by Kelly E. Graf, Caroline V. Ketron, Michael R. Waters. Texas A&M.

Martin PS. 1984. Prehistoric overkill: the global model. In: Martin PS, Klein RG, editors. Quarternary extinctions: a prehistoric revolution. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. p 354 – 403.

Rasmussen, M., Anzick, S. L., Waters, M. R., Skoglund, P., DeGiorgio, M., Stafford, T. W., . . . Willerslev, E. (2014, February 13). The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana. Retrieved from

Roming, A. and K. Lindblom (2016) “discovery of Radiocarbon Dating”, American Chemical Society. University of Chicago.

Shackley, & Steven, M. (2016, March 04). Source Provenance of Folsom Point Fragments and Debitage from the Boca Negra Wash Site (LA 124474), West Mesa, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Retrieved from

Surovell, T. A., Pelton, S. R., Anderson-Sprecher, R., & Myers, A. D. (2016, January 26). Test of Martin’s overkill hypothesis using radiocarbon dates on extinct megafauna. Retrieved from

Surovell, T. A. , and N. M. Waguespack. (2017) “How Many Elephant Kills Are 14? Clovis Mammoth and Mastodon Kills in Context.” Quaternary International 191, no. 1: 82-97. [Full Text]


Chapter 5

Fryer, D.W. (1997) Ofnet: Evidence for a Prehistoric Massacre. In Troubled Times: Violence and Warfare in the Past, edited by D. L., & Frayer, D. W. Retrieved from arrow&source=bl&ots=n7Akt3XETO&sig=ACfU3U1i0ZD6sWWA9khe03xwQBL7SDeWFw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiWtdq7opLjAhWPKM0KHQR3CIA4ChDoATAIegQICBAB#v=onepage&q=teviec arrow&f=false

Mapes, L. V. (2017, February 17). UPDATE: Five tribes will work together to rebury Kennewick Man. Yakima Herald. Retrieved from

Rasmussen, M., Sikora, M., Albrechtsen, A., Korneliussen, T. S., Moreno-Mayar, J. V., Poznik, G. D., . . . Willerslev, E. (2015, June 18). The ancestry and affiliations of Kennewick Man. Retrieved from

Sala N, Arsuaga JL, Pantoja-Pérez A, Pablos A, Martínez I, Quam RM, Gómez-Olivencia A, Bermúdez de Castro JM, and Carbonell E. 2015. Lethal Interpersonal Violence in the Middle Pleistocene. PLoS ONE 10(5):e0126589.

Magazine, S. (2016, June 02). Double domestication for dogs? Retrieved from

Wu, X; Zhang, C; Goldberg, P; Cohen, D; Pan, Y; Arpin, T; Bar-Yosef, O (29 June 2012). “Early Pottery at 20,000 Years Ago in Xianrendong Cave, China”Science336 (6089): 1696–1700. Bibcode:2012Sci…336.1696W

Chapter 12

Eschner, K. (2016, December 06). The Washington Monument Looks Like an Obelisk Because of Egyptomania. Retrieved from

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