1.1 Parts of Speech

Multilingual Writers

If you learned English as a second language and you regularly speak a language other than English, this appendix is for you. It also provides a refresher course on many of the elements in Chapter 15 “Sentence Building”, Chapter 16 “Sentence Style”, Chapter 17 “Word Choice”, Chapter 18 “Punctuation”,Chapter 19 “Mechanics”, and Chapter 20 “Grammar”.

Parts of Speech

In English, words are used in one of eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, conjunction, preposition, and interjection. This table includes an explanation and examples of each of the eight parts of speech.

Noun

Person, place, or thing

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.

Iowa

book

arm

horse

idea

month

Pronoun

Takes the place of a noun

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ateher apples and carrots quickly.

he

it

I

her

my

theirs

Adjective

Describes a noun or pronoun

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.

sticky

funny

crazy

long

cold

round

Verb

Shows action or state of being

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ateher apples and carrots quickly.

run

jump

felt

think

is

gone

Adverb

Describes a verb, another adverb, or an adjective and tells how, where, or when something is done

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.

slowly

easily

very

often

heavily

sharply

Conjunction

Joins words, phrases, and clauses

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.

and

because

but

since

or

so

Preposition

First word in a phrase that indicates the relationship of the phrase to other words in the sentence

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.

in

on

to

after

at

over

Interjection

A word that shows emotion and is not related to the rest of the sentence

Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.

Hey

Wow

Look

Super

Oh

Yuck


Adapted from Appendix A, “Writing for Nonnative English Speakers” in Writer’s Handbook v 1.0  used according to Creative Commons CC BY-NC-SA 3.0

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